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Edit. B) Australia and New Zealand. The European construction has thus saved the West European buffer states that had suffered during the previous centuries from the French–English and then the French–German rivalries. 10th - 12th grade . In political geography, group which is frequently ethnic group, identification with a particular region of a state rather than with the state as a whole Reunification the act of coming together again ex: East and West Germany after the Cold War North and South Korea (possibly) Norther and … AP Human Geography Help » Political Organization of Space » Evolution of … Match. Naim 11:30 AP Human Political Geography. C) China. A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary doesn’t vary significantly. A example of an compact state would be Poland. unit_4_key_terms.docx: File Size: 12 kb: File Type: docx: Download File. The motives of European states in establishing colonies can be summarized as all but which of the following? Home Embed All AP Human Geography Resources . Mongolia acts as a buffer state between Russia and China who have had border conflicts for centuries. Political geography is the study of how humans have divided up the surface of the Earth for purposes of management and control. Gravity. Ap Human Geography Unit 4 Vocabulary. If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. The buffer system power field thus defined creates the possibility for buffer state neutrality through a series of strategic calculations from the part of the major actors, the surrounding antagonistic powers. C ol ni asm Th ex pd r tu f empire 7. C) ethnic iden... A state which places most power in the hands of a central government is a(n) A) federal state. If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. What are some impacts of colonialism on the world political stage? What is devolution? B) a country. victornava777. Test. PLAY. A) Mongolia. AP Human Geography Vocabulary Apartheid: a legal system that was the physical separation of different races into different geographic areas My definition: separation of people in South Africa based on race Example: There were apartheid laws in South Africa between around 1950 to 1994. For a long time, human geography has maintained four principal divisions, including political, cultural, economic, and social. C) fragmented sta... A real world example of a buffer state would be? Edit. 0. Makes communication difficult. Mr. Belan's Class 2013. The alliance of the second strong state with the smaller, buffer state, would tip the balance of power again and make the operation of the takeover risky or even condemned to failure. APHG: Political Geography . In addition to contiguity, conditions of foreign policy orientation must be met. AP Human Geography Unit 1: Thinking Geographically Unit 2: Population & Migration Unit 3: Culture Unit 4: Political Geography Unit 5: Agricultural Geography Unit 6: Urban Geography Unit 7: Economic & Industrial Geography Exam Review Materials political geography Documents Notes. This quiz is incomplete! CREATE AN ACCOUNT Create Tests & Flashcards. Terms : Hide Images. PLAY. Share practice link. More difficult for people in remote areas to integrate with rest of the state. Stalin managed to take control of all of Eastern Europe, a possible buffer zone. Those situations, however, last as long as the conditions that created them. AP Human Geography Ch. AP Human Geography,, AP Human Geography ch 8 key issue 2 study guide by gabikim98 includes 41 examples of … AP Human Geography: Political Geography questionAntecedent Boundary answerA boundary that was drawn across an area prior to the area becoming substantially-populated (e.g. Match. c. Iranian. Those areas were of little interest for human establishment and therefore remained for long periods on the margins of state formation. B) Nepal. Gravity. However, this separation may not be complete. D) buffer state. A buffer state is a state located between two larger conflicting countries. Read these flashcards and learn about human geography and take the quiz to see what you learned. C en trip al forces f o rces th a nd uib y together 6. The third condition for buffer state status has to do with capability distribution. In Idaho, there are roughly equal concentrations in the northern and southern parts of the state. In fact, the land itself has a major impact on how the population has settled across it. AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY Unit 7: POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY (Ch.8) The study of human political organization of the earth. Politically organized territory (permanent population, economy), (sovereign) government, recognized … Buffer States and Zones 58. Spell. The fate of Lebanon, an Eastern Mediterranean success story that turned into a nightmare, is the perfect illustration of the contradictory nature of many buffer states. D) United States. The geographical factor comes again in the foreground. Belgium and Korea, two historical buffer states ceased thus to function as such. STUDY. Test. Satellite States 62. On the other hand, in spite of cultural and geographical fragmentation, the Afghans united again and again against external challenges, making thus efficient use of the defensive character of their terrain. We will define centrifugal and centripetal forces and how they can originate in political, economic or cultural dimensions. History. Learn human geography vocab with free interactive flashcards. However, when this optimal situation is unattainable, the preservation of a buffer state status is preferable to its collapse which can lead to wars, civil wars, partition, foreign domination, etc. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Common types of buffer zones are demilitarized zones, border zones and certain restrictive easement zones and green belts.Such zones may be comprised by a sovereign state, forming a buffer state. The powers surrounding the buffer state are usually two, however, in rare cases they can be more, like in the case of Poland before its partition at the end of the eighteenth century (Austria, Prussia, Russia). 2 types: those separated by water, and those separated by other countries. Write. AP Human Geography - Political Chapter 8 DRAFT 9th - University grade Upgrade to remove ads. B) Egypt. C) China. Although, by definition, a buffer state cannot be as strong as the surrounding states, the more it is capable of resisting challenges to its sovereignty, the more it can contribute in stabilizing the power equation. B) France. The city state of Dubrovnik/Ragusa not only survived the tensions between the Ottoman Empire and its Latin enemies, but also founded its prosperity and its culture on its role as a hinge between the two Mediterranean realms because of the extraordinary diplomatic skills of its leaders. This triangular situation puts the power challenging the buffer state at a disadvantage, creating thus the necessary dissuasion and securing the buffer state's independence. If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. Thus, for example, the Cyprus buffer zone becomes a boundary if examined at the scale of Greek and Turkish spaces. Spell. Sometimes their buffer state status is determined from the outside, as a result of a power field that favors neutralization. AP Human Geography . The paradigmatic case of Afghanistan perfectly illustrates this situation. STUDY. C) the Roman Empire. However, at certain historical moments, the geopolitical stresses are so intense that no diplomatic talent can avert disaster. Take a look at the Soviet Union. Centrifugal forces f o rces th a ndiv u y. PLAY. Thus, geographical conditions that can be encountered in many buffer state situations do not determine in a predefined way the capacity of their population to defend their state. If the buffer state must be weak, the stronger states must have a comparable potential. Flashcards. The buffer state must be considerably weaker than the surrounding states. At the beginning of the Cold War, the tension between the US and the Soviet Union was such that many preexisting or potential buffer states were exposed to efforts for unilateral control, that often ended in solutions in the form of partition. Flashcards. B) periphery state. With the gradual expansion of the surrounding states however, their peripheries met, creating buffer conditions at their intersection. E) viable state. Match. Thus, the Cold War, by diminishing the antagonisms inside each alliance through the discipline imposed by Washington and Moscow, by accentuating ideological rivalry around the international frontier dividing the two worlds, and also because of the balance of nuclear terror that made territorial arrangements more or less irrelevant, reduced the role of buffer states. Among the world's largest multinational states are, A language that was nearly extinct in British-controlled areas but which is now being revived is, Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because, The first widespread use of the nation-state concept came in, Political unity in the ancient Mediterranean world reached its height in, The average number of births women bear in their lifetimes is, The hearth and spiritual center of Islam is at. On the other hand, Belgium, during a long period a buffer zone between France and Germany, was and is a territory by itself. A example of an compact state would be Poland democratization The process where from APHG 7227S2 at Fossil Ridge High School. A.. Live Game Live. In such a case, their role is to neutralize them by depriving both rival states from their military use. Antarctica. A real world example of a buffer state would be? The existence of buffer states may help to prevent dangerous conflicts between powerful countries. 60. From it's original position it spread into parts of Eastern Europe and downwards as well. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (97) Annexation. A) Mongolia. In Illinois, nearly all are distributed in the southern part of the state. A) guilt B) gold C) glo... A nation or nationality is  A) a group of people tied to a place through legal status and tradition. By interpreting this map, we surmise that in the African American population . C) fragmented state. The buffer state must be in contact with the territory of the other powers and must separate them. Sihanouk, the charismatic Cambodian leader, had realized that many years before the US and the South Vietnamese troops invaded his country and put an end to a history of buffer state status going back whole centuries. Very often they include in their territories essential strategic resources, especially in the form of major circulation corridors and crossroads. Before that, and in spite of the use of the term buffer state for Afghanistan already in 1883, both powers were trying to monopolize the whole area. Chapter 4: Geography,Political Geography Vocabulary of AP Human Geography Barron's Book, 2012 4th Edition . B) anocratic state. If antagonism ceases, the buffer state loses its raison d'etre. unit_4_political_models.doc: … Therefore, the foreign policy orientation condition cannot be reduced to the rivalry of the surrounding states. Created by. E) Brazil. STUDY. A certain balance in the intensity of the antagonism is necessary. What is the difference between unitary and federal forms of government? The mountainous character offers undoubtedly a critical advantage to defense. It is obvious that for this role it suffices to cover only the portion of the in between space in which the important crossroads or axes are situated. Two classic examples are Italy, which completely surrounds San Marino and the Vatican, and South Africa… border between Spell. Ex. AP Human Geography Unit 4 Review DRAFT. Leadership and diplomatic experience are also important factors. Log in Sign up. In this lesson, we're going to take a look at how human geography has an impact on settlement patterns in North America. Homework. Thus, for example, the fact that France and Germany had a common boundary did not cancel the role of Belgium as a buffer state before 1914 and between the two world wars. Which of the following states is a buffer state between India and China? A buffer state is sometimes a mutually agreed upon area lying between two greater powers, which is demilitarized in the sense of not hosting the military of either power (though it will usually have its own military forces). At each location, somebody or some group seeks to establish the rules governing what happens in that space, h… Search » All » Geography » AP Human Geography ... views conflict is a A) core state. Earth's southernmost continent; world's largest land mass that is not claimed. Start studying Ap Human Geography Unit 4. Spain's constitution establishes a state of autonomies for its diverse regions. Buffer states are spaces in between, that have thus to cope with the instability of their geopolitical environment in order to survive as sovereign states. Thus, for example, Prussia in post Napoleonic Europe could hardly be considered as a buffer state between Russia and Austria, in spite of the fact that its location satisfied the geographical condition and that the two other powers did develop rivalries. The buffer system power field thus defined creates the possibility for buffer state … On the other hand, there are cases where a combination of geographical conditions and human factors lead to the emergence of buffer state iconographies that can stabilize the influence of the external power fields and thus extend the life span of the buffer state. Shapes of States . AP Human Geography Chapter 8 Political Geography. Only $2.99/month. During the late 1970s, when the US influence in Asia was at its lowest after the Vietnam debacle and the Iranian Revolution, the Soviet Union has had the opportunity to turn Afghanistan from a buffer state to a Soviet satellite. E) Brazil. Test. Learn. knd3518 . Create. Unitary State: Ap Human Geography Final Exam Study. View (active tab) Flashcards; Learn; Scatter; Printer Friendly. Ideally for a buffer state, the antagonism of the surrounding states would vanish and therefore the danger of becoming an arena of confrontation disappear. The Soviet Union was in an opportune position after the defeat of Nazi Germany since it allowed easy spread into East Europe. We will also discuss why these two forces are vital to the survival of the state. Answer: A. D. A real world example of a buffer state would be? It provides essential course resources, as well as relevant information on the AP exam.AP Human Geography (National Geographic Education)National Geographic Education's page for AP Human Geography. A buffer state is a relatively weak state lying between two or more antagonistic powers of comparable potential. The hearth and spiritual center of Islam is at A. Baghdad B. Cairo C. Jakarta D. Mecca E. Jerusalem Answer: D. The motives of European states in establishing colonies can be summarized as all but which of the following? It is difficult to say if and when those conditions favor resistance to outside intervention. The first widespread use of the nation-state concept came in A) Mesopotamia. Terms in this set (80) Annexation. B) the Roman Empire. However, the cultural mix and the crossroads function can constitute elements of weakness by facilitating external influences and by promoting centrifugal forces. 9. Log in Sign up. Solo Practice. The study of this impact is called human geography. 4 Diagnostic Tests 225 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept. Write. Write. 8 Political Geography. A Vocabulary List for AP Human Geography Martha Sharma Retired teacher Hilton Head, South Carolina Unit IV. However, if the rivalry becomes too acute, it can also lead to the disappearance of the buffer status. However, that population is not spread out evenly across that territory. a state may break up into smaller countries 3. Such areas are very often crossroads of important axes of circulation and, because of their intermediary geographical location, are inhabited by mixed populations whose cultural geography expresses the transition from one realm to another. Play. Start studying Ap Human Geography Chapter 8 Vocab. legally adding land area to a city in the United States. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The extraordinary stability of Switzerland as a European buffer state is based on a strong Swiss iconography that has been able to overcome the geographical and cultural diversity of this country and to create a determination to defend it that has gained the respect of all European powers. A. B) France. Antarctica. C) Western Europe. b. Pictish. Gravity. AP Human Geography AP Human Political Geography A real world example of a buffer state would be? AP Human Geography - Political Organization of Space (Unit 4) Flashcards. Save. Naim 11:30 AP Human Political Geography A) Mongolia. Thus, for example, Prussia in post Napoleonic Europe could hardly be considered as a buffer state between Russia and Austria, in spite of the fact that its location satisfied the geographical condition and that the two other powers did develop rivalries. Before them, Germany, also a potential buffer state, shared the same fate. Thus when one of the surrounding states weakens, a relatively strong buffer state might be able to compensate the disequilibrium by mobilizing its own forces. A) Mongolia. Resources include instructional materials, encyclopedic entries, news articles, and multimedia maps/photos/videos.AP Human Geography Teacher CommunityThis site seeks to connect … 4. In fact, it is only in 1907, when Russia and England felt that they needed to water down their rivalry in Asia in order to cope with the new geopolitical challenges arising in Central Europe, that a compromise was found which consolidated the buffer state role of Afghanistan. D) United States. Finish Editing. Another example of devolution is Spain. A buffer state is an area lying between the borders of two powerful and potentially hostile powers. Political spaces exist at multiple scales, from a kid’s bedroom to the entire planet. Russia has always been a good example of this theory since it happens to be right on top of the Heartland. 59. Learn. Among the world's largest multinational states are A) Russia and the United States. Choose from 500 different sets of human geography vocab flashcards on Quizlet. A real world example of a buffer state would be? The difficulties of Lebanon to survive as a buffer state between Syria and Israel, largely because of the internal divisions of its population, illustrate the geographical handicap of many buffer state territories. Learn. by jill_rueb_83781. Search. a year ago. A perforated state is a state that completely surrounds another state. Buffer zones constitute therefore a gray area of political geography. Poland with Germany and Russia or Chicago with urban sprawl. A buffer zone is a neutral zonal area that lies between two or more bodies of land, usually pertaining to countries.Depending on the type of buffer zone, it may serve to separate regions or conjoin them. Political unity in the ancient Mediterranean world reached its height in A) the Fertile Crescent. Looking beyond the patterns on political maps helps us to understand the spatial outcomes of political processes and how political processes are themselves affected by spatial features. Created by. However, this situation is inherently instable, since the balance between the surrounding powers can fluctuate, creating windows of opportunity for the one or the other powers to intervene and abolish the state's sovereignty. 5. B. Those surrounding states must be in rivalry. Eastern Europe acted as a buffer zone between the Soviet Union and Western Europe after WWII 61. Armed forces of either of the rival powers do not exist in the buffer area, and war often ensues when either or both of the powers try to invade the territory of the buffer state. If the buffer state must be weak, the stronger states must have a comparable potential. Fragmented States . Legally adding land area to a city in the United States, or legally adding land area to a country in the world. Korea and then Vietnam have been divided into two and became areas of East–West confrontation. Later, the Vietnam conflict led to the disappearance of two more buffer states: Laos and Cambodia. Practice. Primary tabs. Contain several discontinuous pieces of territory. buffer state. Still, the existence of a buffer state may allow for the rival countries to solve their problems through peaceful negotiations and diplomatic actions instead of engaging in d… A buffer state is a country lying between two rival or potentially hostile greater powers.Its existence can sometimes be thought to prevent conflict between them. ... Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because  A) nearly all Danes speak Danish and live in Denmark. As situations of geographical in between, buffer states can be the 'loci' of extraordinary material and cultural wealth, but at the same time of terrible suffering and destruction. This concept is the study of how the human evolution of our culture has affected environmental processes and systems. What are the three sources of devolution? According to this reasoning, the power differential between each of the surrounding powers and the buffer state creates a favorable situation for the absorption of the buffer state in the zone of influence of either, as a result of diplomatic pressure or invasion. As you may know, North America is the third largest continent and has the fourth largest population. Apartheid. Buffer Zones as Peripheries of Territories, Tensions and Complementarities between the Green and Brown Agendas, An Evaluation of the Recommendations of the Brandt Commission, The Principal Recommendations of the Brandt Commission, Membership of the Commission and the Schedule of Meetings. Many buffer states developed in difficult natural environments, very often in mountainous areas. However, any effort in that direction would provoke the intervention of the other strong state for which such an evolution would constitute a threat. A state which places most power in the hands of a central government is a(n). Played 104 times. Example Questions . 0. The geographical condition seems paramount. 79% average accuracy. AP Human Geography AP Human Political Geography Which of the following states is a buffer state between India and China? C) Japan and D... A language that was nearly extinct in British-controlled areas but which is now being revived is a. English. To play this quiz, please finish editing it. bubblesandbuttercup . Study political organization at three scales: Supranational (Organizations that transcends national boundaries) National (country) Subnational (states/local) Political Geography . AP Human Geography (College Board)This is the AP Human Geography home page as maintained by the College Board. What are examples of changes that have occurred in the world as a result of devolution? What is the history of the modern state idea? B uf erS taA liv y smc ondw h between two larger powers. Browse. This capacity is related to the geographical conditions often encountered in buffer states territories. Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Report an issue; Host a game. Thus, in addition to the role of the international environment, the capacity of the buffer state to preserve its status by mobilizing its own resources is also to be taken in consideration. C) Vietnam. Examples of Irredentism • Garibaldi and the unification of Italy • Attempts by the Somali Republic to incorporate the Ogaden • MiitifSihShMoroccan acquisition of Spanish Sahara • Efforts by the Third Reich to expand Germany’s borders so as to encompass all German-speaking peoples in Europe. Flashcards. AP Human Geography : Nation-State Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography. This AP Human Geography study guide will explore those forces that divide (centrifugal) or unify (centripetal) a country. Created by. Buffer states do not have as unique function to constitute a cushion between rival states. We'll see how history has influenced many of those, but all the while we will pay attent…

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